At the beginning of the 21st Century monsters still roam the remote, and sometimes not so remote, corners of our planet. It is our job to search for them. The Centre for Fortean Zoology [CFZ] is - we believe - the largest professional, scientific and full-time organisation in the world dedicated to cryptozoology - the study of unknown animals. Since 1992 the CFZ has carried out an unparalleled programme of research and investigation all over the world. Since 2009 we have been running the increasingly popular CFZ Blog Network, and although there has been an American branch of the CFZ for over ten years now, it is only now that it has a dedicated blog.

Sunday, 30 October 2016

HALLOWE'EN IS HERE

Hallowe'en takes place on 31st October.  It is so called because it is held on the eve of the Christian feast of All Hallows, which in the Latin rite became the date of the feast of All Saints in 835.

This was the same as the start of the Celtic new year, which in Gaelic was called Samhain (pronounced sowin).  This came from the Celtic word samonios meaning half, as the dark half of the year was now coming in.  Samhain was regarded as starting at nightfall on October 31st.  This was called Samhain Night (Gaelic Oiche Shamhna, pronounced eeha howna; the ch is Scottish Gaelic is pronounced as in Bach, while it is usually just pronounced as h in Irish).

This time was regarded by the Celts as dangerous because the dead and beings from the Otherworld were said to be about at this time.  While non-pagans no longer regard it as a religious feast, but merely as an excuse for dressing up in scary costumes, it is still so observed by modern pagan groups.

Hallowe'en was popular in Ireland and Scotland and was from those countries exported to the United States, where it enjoys some popularity.  Recently, it has migrated from the United States to England, where it is possibly regarded as an American institution by many.

The feast is celebrated in other Celtic areas.  Thus in Wales it is called Calan Gaeaf, in Cornwall Kalan Gwaev and in Brittany Kalan Goañv.


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